Vaccine Intentions and Attitudes toward the COVID-19 Vaccine among Pregnant Women in the U.S.


Jessica Craig, Gracie Minks, Adrienne Larson, Amy Claridge

Faculty Mentor(s)

Tishra Beeson (Public Health)


BACKGROUND: Vaccination during pregnancy aids in protecting mothers from serious disease, while the development of maternal antibodies can help protect their babies from serious diseases early in life. This practice is especially critical during a global pandemic. This poster presentation will report on a national survey of vaccine attitudes and intentions of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Utilizing social media platforms, a convenience sample of pregnant women was taken, surveying vaccine attitudes and intentions. Data was also collected for age, race, education, marital status, household size and income, and provider influence. RESULTS: Preliminary data of 110 pregnant mothers surveyed reported that 51.8% (n=57) would definitely receive a COVD-19 vaccination, 10.0% (n=11) would probably receive the vaccination, 8.2% (n=9) were unsure, 16.4% (n=18) would probably not receive the vaccine, and 13.6% (n=15) would definitely not receive the vaccine. Using logistic regression modeling, we were able to determine that, while accounting for individual and household characteristics, individuals whose provider expressly recommended the vaccine were 37 times more likely to report positive intentions to receive a COVID-19 vaccine (adj. OR 37.89, p-value=0.003). Similarly, respondents who reported stronger agreement with items on vaccine safety were over 10 times more likely to report positive vaccine intention (adj. OR 10.3, p-value=0.007) while individuals who reported stronger agreement with concerns about potential harm during pregnancy (adj. OR 0.397 p-value=0.009) and concerns about limited testing of the vaccine among pregnant populations were less likely to report positive vaccine intentions (adj OR 0.22 p-value=0.026).

Keywords: “National Survey”
“Vaccine Attitudes and Intentions”
“Longitudinal Study”


4 thoughts on “Vaccine Intentions and Attitudes toward the COVID-19 Vaccine among Pregnant Women in the U.S.”

  1. An important area of research! Understanding developing perspectives on vaccine research is definitely something we’ll need to know more about. Thanks for the presentation!

  2. This is such an important topic to discuss as there are many women who are concerned with receiving the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. I liked how you discussed how doctors should be talking to their patients about getting the vaccine. I think the women who were hesitant about getting the vaccine may be more comfortable with the idea of getting it when having that conversation with their doctor. I wonder how different the results of the study would have been if it was repeated this year with the vaccine now being available?

  3. What an incredible presentation! There was a lot to read on your poster (as expected), but you did a great job at verbally highlighting the most important aspects of your study. I also am really impressed at how you addressed the socially advantageous characteristics of your sample. I had a similar sample in my research (maybe some of the same participants as yours) but did not address the limitation as gracefully as you did. I wonder what would happen if you tried to pinpoint vaccine-related attitudes and perceptions to geographical locations. What I mean by this is, would there be a correlation between negative vaccine attitudes and certain regions of the U.S.? What about rural vs. urban? Just some thoughts if you continue the research. This would help to maximize resources for education where they are needed most.
    On a less important note, the part of your poster where you have a table for “Results, Continued” has some minor formatting issues (table overlaps some text at the bottom and the drop-down arrows are visible) which very likely could have just happened when it was uploaded for CWU to post so it may not show up on the file on your computer. I am not sure how to prevent it from happening when uploading anywhere else (if you are) but thought I would at least bring it to your attention.

  4. Well done on this presentation! What an interesting topic to learn more about. In a previous comment, I read a similar question, but I would be interested to know if two different regions would have different attitudes? I am under the impression that the participants enrolled in the study and from different locations, so I would be curious to see what two distinct regions would look like. I also wonder what would happen if this study was conducted a few years later? More information and studies will have been conducted about the vaccine and I wonder if that would change attitudes. I thought between the poster and presentation you did a great job conveying the information. It was clear, well organized, and easy to follow. Again, great job!

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