Examining the school curriculum used in today’s Islamic Republic of Iran reveal a disturbing attempt by the theocracy to impose its values on the entire population of Iran. This study reveals how schools have become a tool for indoctrination by the government to recruit young members to serve as Basij (mass mobilization force) in upholding this Shi’i theocracy. Images used to illustrate the textbooks show how segregation of boys and girls are normalized and justified through Islamic teaching. A democratic government with tolerant citizens can allow for different religious practices to exist within a multicultural framework. However, an Islamic theocracy is inherently incapable of accepting any ideas that it perceives as a competition or challenge to its rule.