Aritzandi Martinez, Beeson, Tishra
Tishra Beeson (Public Health)
Pregnant women are experiencing changes both in pregnancy and childbirth due to the effects of COVID-19, raising concerns both for themselves and their baby’s health. This study investigates group differences in the expressed concerns and experiences related to pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic between Latina and non-Latina women. This study aims to investigate three central questions, Do Latina respondents worry more about pregnancy during COVID-19 than non-Latina women? Do Latina women have a higher Fear of Birth Scale (FOBS) than non-Latina women during the COVID-19 Pandemic? and Do Latina women report different concerns related to pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic? Pregnant women were recruited in their third trimester if they had an expected due date between April – July, 2020 and filled out a survey about their pregnancy related experiences and expectations. Descriptive statistics on key variables were conducted (fear of birth scores, COVID-specific worry, and concerns/priorities related to the pandemic) and also used unpaired t-tests to identify group differences on dependent variables by the respondents’ self-identified Hispanic/Latina ethnicity. Based on the results, no statistically significant difference in reported COVID-specific worry, no statistically significant difference in reported Fear of Birth scale was found. However, Latina women respondents reported higher concerns related to the postpartum stage than their non-Latina counterparts which is highly significant. These findings should be taken into account in order to fulfill the gaps in providing timely, high quality, and patient-centered care to pregnant women and expecting families during a major health and social crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: COVID-19, LATINA, PREGNANCY, diversity